High-sensitivity determination of available cobalt in soil using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy assisted with laser-induced fluorescence
Conventional laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy could not conduct high-sensitivity determination of available cobalt due to spectral interference and weak spectral intensity. To improve the poor detection sensitivity of available cobalt in soil, available cobalt was extracted from soil and prepared. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy assisted with laser-induced fluorescence was introduced to excite and detect the cobalt element. The results showed that coefficients of the calibration curve for the available cobalt element could reach 0.9991, and the limits of detection could reach 0.005 mg/kg in soil under optimized conditions, which were all much better than conventional LIBS and reach the international minimum detection standards. This work provides a possible approach for detecting available trace elements in soil.